Science: (first circle)

Need for lesson - A Solar System set (I made the felt piece to place the planets on, using white fabric paint) and an ellipsoid shape (Metal Inset or Geometric Solid)

Index File Card

can be pasted onto an index file card for quick reference

 


Science 76

We have found out many things about our Earth, the Sun, and Moon. These are all a part of what is called the Solar System. The Earth is a planet that has a Moon and the Sun is a star. The Solar System is made up of all the planets that orbit the Sun. In addition to planets, the Solar System also consists of moons, comets, asteroids, minor planets, gas and dust.  Because the Sun is so large, its powerful gravity attracts all the other objects in the Solar System towards it. The planets travel around the Sun. This is called an orbit.  So the Earth orbits around the Sun. Orbits are not round though, they are elliptical. Notice this ellipsoid shape, it isn't round, but egg-shaped. So a planets orbit around the sun is in an egg-shape, not round. Some planets like the Earth and Mars have moons. Moons orbit planets, not the Sun. Planets orbit the Sun and Moons orbit planets. Let's learn the names of the planets. The first four are called the inner planets. they are closest to the Sun. They are Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. These planets are made mostly of rock. The next five planets are called the outer planets. Their names are Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune.They are considered gas giants because they are made mostly of gases. The last planet is called Pluto. It is actually no longer an official planet, but now called a dwarf planet. It is covered with ice.

In between the planets Mars and Jupiter there is an asteroid belt. This is also between the inner planets and the outer planets. It is made up of thousands of objects too small to be considered planets. These objects are made mostly out  of frozen gas with small amounts of dust. Comets are made up of rocky material held together by frozen gases. It is like a dirty snowball. The parts of a comet include the halo, head, and tail. A halo is material that surrounds the nucleus or the solid center of the comet.

Have you seen or heard about a shooting star? It is like a flash of light streaking through the night sky. Shooting stars are just tiny bits of dust entering the Earth's atmosphere from space at amazingly fast speeds. The light we see from them is the heat of the air around them as they fly into the atmosphere and burn up. So they are not stars at all, even though they are called shooting stars.

 


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Solar System Set

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Solar System Set

 

Additional Works:

Solar System Card Set - Can be used to highlight things in 'space' and for a review on another day.

Solar System Booklets - This is from EnchantedLearning.com

Solar System Puzzle

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Space Card Set

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Solar System Booklet

 

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Puzzle

 

Geography: (second circle)

Need for lesson - Picture of a tide pool.

Index File Card

can be pasted onto an index file card for quick reference

 


Geography 52

We have started to find out about oceans. What are the names of the four main oceans on the Earth? Ocean water is constantly moving. Gravity from the moon constantly pulls the ocean tides causing the waves to move with swift current. We found out that when the water moves up onto the beach we call it high tide and when it goes back down it is called low tide. There are usually two high and two low tides each day. When the high tide comes it brings water, plants, and animals with it. When the tide takes the water back out to the ocean at low tide, some of the water gets trapped in low spots among rocks or sand on the beach. This trapped water forms a little pool called a tide pool. A tide pool is a kind of habitat to some sea animals. Many sea animals are carried back out to sea when the tide goes out, but some of them are left behind in the tide pool. Once they are in the tide pool some of them never leave. A barnacle for example, attaches itself  to the rocks around a tide pool, grows a hard shell, and stays there for the rest of its life. Other animals you may see in a tide pool are mussels, snails, and crabs.

Marine Biologist study and learn about the types of plants and animals found in a tide pool. Do you think that would be a fun job, to be a Marine Biologist?

 


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Tide Pool Pictures

Art:

Tide Pool - Using a sturdy paper plate, have children paint it blue and light brown to represent the ocean and the sand. Children can make some clay sea animals to their tide pool or color and glue onto the tide pool pictures of tide pool animals. You can also add some tissue paper sea plants.

Ocean Animal Stencils - Children can trace stencils of different ocean animals.

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Tide Pool Art

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Stencils - Ocean Animals